## 4.1 Introduction

First, chose your objective (4.1.1), then the analyses and the experimental design based on a decision tree.

Finally see how to implement it based on the workflow and function relations (4.1.3) from formated data (4.1.4).

### 4.1.1 Analysis according to the objectives

In order to compare different germplasms on each location for selection, three main objectives dealing with PPB programmes organoleptic analyses can be :

• Understand and check consumers preferences. This can be done through hedonic analysis (section 4.3).

• Characterize products sensory properties. This can be done through napping analysis (section 4.4).

• Rank product according to few sensory descriptors. This can be done through rank analysis (section 4.5).

### 4.1.2 Decision tree

For each analysis, a decision tree is proposed (Figure 4.1) based on the objective, the number of products and the number of tasters. For all analysis, no training is needed for tasters.

Once you have chosen your objective, analysis and experimental design, you can taste and measure … (section 4.2).

### 4.1.3 Workflow and function relations in PPBstats regarding organoleptic analysis

After designing the experiment and describing the data, each family of analysis is implemented by several analysis with the same workflow :

• Format the data
• Run the model
• Check the model and visualize outputs
• Compare means, format data for biplot and visualize outputs

Figure 4.2 displays the functions and their relationships. Table 4.1 describes each of the main functions.

You can have more information for each function by typing ?function_name in your R session.

Table 4.1: Function description.
function name description
design_experiment Provides experimental design for the different situations corresponding to the choosen family of analysis
format_data_PPBstats Check and format the data to be used in PPBstats functions
describe_data Describe the data set in order to choose the appropriate analysis to carry out
hedonic Run hedonic analysis
napping Run napping anaysis
rank Run rank analysis
check_model Check if the model went well
mean_comparisons Get mean comparisons
biplot_data Format multivariate results
plot Build ggplot objects to visualize output

### 4.1.4 Data format

For organoleptic analysis data must have a specific format. Each format is displayed in the corresponding analysis section.